Anatomy of a Project

This guide assumes that you have finished the “Getting started” tutorial or that you are experienced with Sakuli v1.

Most of the complexity and conventions are due to the backwards compatibility to v1, which requires a specific folder and file structure for various reasons (the biggest is Sahi). Sakuli offers now various ways to reduce this complexity dramatically. These features will eventually become part of upcoming releases.

Setup and configuration

The minimum setup for a Sakuli project looks like this:

  • your-sakuli-project Home folder of the project
    • package.json All dependencies and setups for Node.js
    • sakuli.properties (optional: Configuration for all testsuites)
    • testsuite-a Home folder of a testsuite
      • testsuite.suite Defines which testcases belong to the testsuite
      • testsuite.properties Configuration for the testsuite (overrides configuration from ‘../sakuli.properties’)
      • testcase Home of the testcase
        • testcase.js The actual testcase

This file layout also represents the logical structure of Sakuli, which consists of a testsuite with one or more testcase(s). Sakuli’s run command takes the path to a testsuite folder and runs all testcases defined in testsuite.suite of the given folder.

testsuite.suite

This file is a relic from Sahi where you define testcases and their respective start-urls. It has a simple format:

<CASE-PATH>/<CASE-FILE> <START-URL>

<CASE-PATH> is a path within the testsuite file, which has to contain the file <CASE_FILE>. The <START-URL> is no longer used by Sakuli (but required to fulfil the file format). The format also supports comments (// at the beginning of a line). Testcases can be activated or deactivated by using comments.

The configured start-url is omitted to force test authors to write explicit navigation to the url for testcases using _navigateTo.

Properties Files

Each testsuite requires a testsuite.properties file with at least one entry:

testsuite.id=SomeName

It “inherits” its values from ../sakuli.properties (which also means that the same property from sakuli.properties becomes overridden).

Property files are a common way to store configuration in Java, the former runtime for Sakuli. It is a simple key-value format (<KEY>=<VALUE>) where every line defines a key-value pair. To organize the keys, it is a common - but not required - practice to separate names by dots (similar to Java namespaces).

There are several predefined properties that can be configured to influence the behavior of Sakuli (* indicates a required property):

Property Type: Default Comment / Example
testsuite.id String*: / Name of the suite shown in the output and used by the forwarder
testsuite.browser String: ‘firefox’ Browser which is started by the WebDriver (it can be overridden by the --browser command line argument)

You can also define own properties and use them in your testcases. Just put your custom property key with the corresponding value in one of the .property files and into your testcase. You can retrieve the values with help of the Environment Class:

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// omitting boilerplate 
// assuming you have added 
// user.name=Tester 
// in one of the property files
const env = new Environment();
await _setValue(_textbox('username'), env.getProperty('user.name'));